International Journal of Law, Environment, and Natural Resources 2023-11-28T15:19:39+00:00 Dr. Ifrani, S.H., M.H. Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Law, Environment and Natural Resources ISSN 2828-9137 (Print) 2776-4974 (Online) is an international, scholarly open-access journal on the topic of law, environment, and natural resources. It publishes reviews and regular research papers and there is no restriction on the length of the papers. Our aim is to encourage scientists to publish their research in as much detail as possible, whether theoretical, empirical, or experimental. </p> Responsibility of Local Governments in Fulfilling the Right to Food 2023-10-14T15:45:18+00:00 Mulyani Zulaeha Lies Ariany Rahmat Halim Sapoetra Nabilla Nurrosyifa Azzahra <p>Government Regulation Number 17 of 2015 concerning Food Security and Nutrition states that the Provincial Government, Regency/City Government, and/or Village Government implement policies and are responsible for the implementation of food security in their respective regions. Food security must be prioritized, and support from the Local Government and the Central Government in maintaining food security is important to prevent food crises. This study aims to analyze the policy of the Regional Government in managing food needs and providing food reserves so as to provide protection for the fulfillment of the right to food in South Kalimantan. Through socio-juridical research methods (socio-legal) using an interdisciplinary or "hybrid" approach between aspects of normative legal research through sociological approaches using qualitative analysis methods, it will be possible to observe the compatibility between das sollen and das sein, namely the integrity of a detailed and careful explanation of legal issues between law in book and law in action. As a form of responsibility, the Provincial Government of South Kalimantan has stipulated Regional Regulation and Regency/City Regulation as well as Regent/Mayor Regulation related to food as a legal basis in making policies/programs/activities related to food management and also providing food reserves so that communities are protected and the rights to their food are fulfilled both in quantity, quality, safe, diverse, nutritious, equitable and affordable. The regulation made is also should not contrary to the religion, beliefs, and culture of the community, so that the community and the individuals are able to live healthy, active, and productive sustainably. The government is also coordinating the agencies/SKPD Regional Government both vertically and horizontally, and carrying out cooperation about this matter with other regions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-10-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mulyani Zulaeha Implementation of Restorative Justice in the Legal Area of the State Attorney of Banjar Regency South Kalimantan 2023-11-26T17:48:56+00:00 Anang Shophan Tornado Soffyan Angga Fahlani Nur Khalis Alfath Nur Aida Noor Fidhiatun Nisa Risna <p><em>Restorative Justice is a criminal settlement that emphasizes justice and creates a balance between the rights of victims and perpetrators. The prosecution has a role to play as the main active element in conducting and creating a result that can resolve a crime and fulfil justice for the victim. This study examines how the enforcement and obstacles and barriers in the implementation of restorative justice as well as the ideal form of the application of restaurative justice in the territory of the State Prosecutor's Office of Banjar Regency Kalimantan South Province.</em></p> 2023-10-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Anang Shophan Tornado Independence of Judges In Imposting Community Service Criminals In Child Criminal Cases 2023-10-14T17:13:18+00:00 Sarai Dwi Sartika <p><em>Children are the next generation of the nation, where a child who is involved in a crime must still be protected by the state. The imposition of a community service crime is an alternative type of punishment to a crime of deprivation of liberty or imprisonment which has the aim of preventing children from the negative effects of applying prison sentences. After the birth of Government Regulation Number 58 of 2022 concerning Forms and Procedures for Implementation of Crime and Actions Against Children, there are several obstacles such as the inconsistency of these regulations with the The Juvenile Justice System Law and the Judicial Powers Law, which gives rise to the independence of judges in deciding juvenile criminal cases, besides this it is still the limited resources of competent judges and the lack of infrastructure are obstacles to imposing community service crimes for child cases. The thesis will discuss what are the obstacles in making community service decisions and how to overcome these obstacles. This research method uses normative juridical research methods, which use a qualitative approach. Furthermore, it is known that there is a need for normalization of the implementing regulations for the Juvenile Justice System Law, training for Judge Resources through certification, and the importance of The Ministry of Law and Human Rights having an MOU with government and private institutions for the certainty of community service criminal places for judges in deciding cases.</em></p> 2023-10-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sarai Dwi Sartika Problems of Mangrove Forest Deporestation with the Status of Other User Areas for the Development of Residential Areas and Pond Activities in Kotabaru Regency From A Criminal Perspective 2023-11-28T15:19:39+00:00 Kity Tokan Kity Muhammad Erham Amin Ahmad Syaufi Mispansyah <p>The purpose of carrying out this journal is to find out that deforestation of mangrove forests in Kotabaru Regency carried out by the community is an environmental crime and they want to know the sanctions that can be imposed on perpetrators of mangrove forest deforestation in Kotabaru Regency which cause damage to the mangrove forest ecosystem.</p> <p>The results of this writing are that the act of deforestation of mangrove forests in Kotabaru Regency, South Kalimantan Province is caused by the local government's RTRWK inventory process being less than thorough because there are still mangrove forests that are included in residential areas and fisheries cultivation areas. Furthermore, the act of mangrove deforestation is a criminal act of environmental destruction because it pollutes and destroys the surrounding environment, destroying mangrove forests, and destroying the mangrove ecosystem.</p> <p>Normative research type, doctrinal legal research type using philosophical thinking by finding a concept, research approach, statutory approach, and conceptual approach. Prescriptive nature of research types and primary secondary and tertiary research.</p> <p>There are still mangrove forest plants based on the author's research which are located on the sea coast of Silver Street, Semayap Village, Kotabaru Regency which extends to the Semayap Village housing complex which is a residential area in the RTRWK Kotabaru Regency is located in a residential area, so the author can conclude that the regional government's inventory process in the RTRW process is not thorough enough and the need for the RTRWK to be revised again, as well as the sea coast area, city boundaries, the village of Stagen District. Kotabaru with the presence of fish and shrimp ponds included in the RTRWK for cultivation areas, the writer can conclude that the regional government inventory process in the RTRW process is not thorough enough and the RTRWK needs to be revised again so that the writer concludes that the local regional government is also responsible for the deportation carried out by residential business actors. and pond cultivation on the side of Silver Street, Semayap Village, Kotabaru Regency up to the Semayap housing complex as well as fish pond cultivation on the coast at the city limits of Stagen Village, Kec. North Sea Island District. new city. The current impact is that this location often floods when the sea water is at high tide. The act of deforestation of mangrove forests in Kotabaru Regency, South Kalimantan Province is an environmental crime. Sanctions that can be imposed on the perpetrators are Article 98 paragraph (1) of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 32 of 2009 concerning Protection and Management of the Environment Article 35 Letter e of the Republic of Indonesia Law Indonesia Number 27 of 2007 concerning Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands and article 73 letter b of Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 27 of 2007 concerning Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands and the regional government should be asked for criminal liability in article 112 and article 113 UUPPLH.</p> 2023-10-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Kity Tokan Kity, Muhammad Erham Amin, Ahmad Syaufi, Mispansyah Examination of Parties to Electronic Litigation in the Religious Courts 2023-10-14T16:30:07+00:00 A. Rizqon Faghfirli <p><em>Electronic courts provide convenience to justice seekers starting from registration, summons, and trial proceedings. On the other hand, electronic trials will also have implications for the effectiveness and efficiency of the litigation process, so that not much time is wasted and costs are not incurred. However, it is interesting to analyze in fact that in Supreme Court Regulation Number 7 of 2022 the author does not find any rules governing the procedures for examining one of the litigants who do not agree to conduct electronic trials, in the case of electronic trials (e-Litigation) Court Regulations Agung Number 7 of 2022 only regulates the exchange of response documents, replicas and duplicates from the parties electronically as well as arrangements for examining witnesses or experts which can be carried out remotely through electronic audio-visual communication media. So a party who refuses an electronic trial is deemed not to have exercised his rights so this is detrimental to that party, there is no procedure available for that party to continue to exercise his rights.</em></p> 2023-10-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 A. Rizqon Faghfirli